Temperature dependence of liquid-lithium sputtering from oblique 700 eV He ions

J. P. Allain, M. D. Coventry, D. N. Ruzic

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The lithium-sputtering yield of liquid lithium as a function of sample temperature has been measured in the ion-surface interaction experiment (IIAX). Lithium sputtering is measured for D+, He+ and Li+ bombardment at energies between 100 and 1000 eV at 45° incidence. In this work VFTRIM-3D is used to provide a qualitative physical picture of mechanisms responsible for the temperature dependence of liquid-lithium sputtering. The present study is done for 700 eV He+ bombardment of liquid lithium at 45° incidence with respect to the target normal. The lithium-sputtering yield, after evaporation is taken into account, is found to increase almost an order of magnitude when the target temperature is increased from the melting point up to roughly 410 °C. The deposited energy distribution near the liquid-lithium surface is found to play a significant role in explaining the observed enhanced lithium sputtering as well as the temperature dependence of the surface binding energy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-645
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue numberSUPPL.
StatePublished - Mar 2003
EventPlasma - Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices - Gifu, Japan
Duration: May 26 2002May 31 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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