Templated grain growth of textured bismuth titanate

Jeffrey A. Horn, S. C. Zhang, U. Selvaraj, Gary L. Messing, Susan Trolier-McKinstry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

312 Scopus citations


Textured bismuth titanate, Bi4Ti3O12 (BIT), was produced by templated grain growth (TGG). Molten-salt-synthesized BiT platelets were dispersed in a matrix of 200 nm BiT powder and aligned by tape casting. Highly textured BiT was obtained with the use of only 5 vol% template particles by sintering at 1000 °C for 1 h. The uniformity of the through-thickness texture is much higher than reported in the literature for BiT tapes cast with 100% platelets. Initial platelet alignment is shown to increase because of frequent interaction with the fine powder particles during tape casting. By avoiding pressure densification techniques and using only a small portion of anisometric particles, TGG is a low-cost option for fabricating textured ceramics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-926
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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