Tenax extraction as a simple approach to improve environmental risk assessments

Amanda D. Harwood, Samuel A. Nutile, Peter F. Landrum, Michael J. Lydy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


It is well documented that using exhaustive chemical extractions is not an effective means of assessing exposure of hydrophobic organic compounds in sediments and that bioavailability-based techniques are an improvement over traditional methods. One technique that has shown special promise as a method for assessing the bioavailability of hydrophobic organic compounds in sediment is the use of Tenax-extractable concentrations. A 6-h or 24-h single-point Tenax-extractable concentration correlates to both bioaccumulation and toxicity. This method has demonstrated effectiveness for several hydrophobic organic compounds in various organisms under both field and laboratory conditions. In addition, a Tenax bioaccumulation model was developed for multiple compounds relating 24-h Tenax-extractable concentrations to oligochaete tissue concentrations exposed in both the laboratory and field. This model has demonstrated predictive capacity for additional compounds and species. Use of Tenax-extractable concentrations to estimate exposure is rapid, simple, straightforward, and relatively inexpensive, as well as accurate. Therefore, this method would be an invaluable tool if implemented in risk assessments. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:1445-1453.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1445-1453
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Tenax extraction as a simple approach to improve environmental risk assessments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this