TGFβ1 regulates HRas-mediated activation of IRE1α through the PERK-RPAP2 axis in keratinocytes

Saie Mogre, Nicholas Blazanin, Hailey Walsh, Jack Ibinson, Chase Minnich, Chih Chi Andrew Hu, Adam B. Glick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Transforming Growth Factor β1 (TGFβ1) is a critical regulator of tumor progression in response to HRas. Recently, TGFβ1 has been shown to trigger ER stress in many disease models; however, its role in oncogene-induced ER stress is unclear. Oncogenic HRas induces the unfolded protein response (UPR) predominantly via the Inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) pathway to initiate the adaptative responses to ER stress, with importance for both proliferation and senescence. Here, we show a role of the UPR sensor proteins IRE1α and (PKR)-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) to mediate the tumor-suppressive roles of TGFβ1 in mouse keratinocytes expressing mutant forms of HRas. TGFβ1 suppressed IRE1α phosphorylation and activation by HRas both in in vitro and in vivo models while simultaneously activating the PERK pathway. However, the increase in ER stress indicated an uncoupling of ER stress and IRE1α activation by TGFβ1. Pharmacological and genetic approaches demonstrated that TGFβ1-dependent dephosphorylation of IRE1α was mediated by PERK through RNA Polymerase II Associated Protein 2 (RPAP2), a PERK-dependent IRE1α phosphatase. In addition, TGFβ1-mediated growth arrest in oncogenic HRas keratinocytes was partially dependent on PERK-induced IRE1α dephosphorylation and inactivation. Together, these results demonstrate a critical cross-talk between UPR proteins that is important for TGFβ1-mediated tumor suppressive responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
StatePublished - Oct 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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