The 5Ds of privacy literacy: a framework for privacy education

Priya C. Kumar, Virginia L. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Purpose: Existing privacy-related educational materials are not situated in privacy theory, making it hard to understand what specifically children learn about privacy. This article aims to offer learning objectives and guidance grounded in theories of privacy and learning to serve as a foundation for privacy literacy efforts. Design/methodology/approach: This article reviews theories of privacy and literacy as social practices and uses these insights to contribute a set of learning objectives for privacy education called the 5Ds of privacy literacy. Findings: This article connects the 5Ds of privacy literacy with existing curricular standards and offers guidance for using the 5Ds to create educational efforts for preteens grounded in theories of sociocultural learning. Practical implications: Learning scientists, instructional designers and privacy educators can use the 5Ds of privacy literacy to develop educational programs that help children hone their ability to enact appropriate information flows. Social implications: Current approaches to privacy education treat privacy as something people need to protect from the incursions of technology, but the authors believe the 5Ds of privacy literacy can redefine privacy – for children and adults alike – as something people experience with the help of technology. Originality/value: This study uniquely integrates theories of privacy and learning into an educational framework to guide privacy literacy pedagogy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-461
Number of pages17
JournalInformation and Learning Science
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Aug 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Library and Information Sciences


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