Histone post-translational modifications are essential for the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Gcn5 (KAT2A) is a histone acetyltransferase that catalyzes the post-translational modification at multiple positions of histone H3 through the transfer of acetyl groups to the free amino group of lysine residues. Gcn5 catalyzes histone acetylation in the context of a HAT module containing the Ada2, Ada3 and Sgf29 subunits of the parent megadalton SAGA transcriptional coactivator complex. Biochemical and structural studies have elucidated mechanisms for Gcn5's acetyl- and other acyltransferase activities on histone substrates, for histone H3 phosphorylation and histone H3 methylation crosstalks with histone H3 acetylation, and for how Ada2 increases Gcn5's histone acetyltransferase activity. Other studies have identified Ada2 isoforms in SAGA-related complexes and characterized variant Gcn5 HAT modules containing these Ada2 isoforms. In this review, we highlight biochemical and structural studies of Gcn5 and its functional interactions with Ada2, Ada3 and Sgf29.
|Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms
|Published - Feb 2021
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology