The Aligned Orbit of WASP-148b, the only Known Hot Jupiter with a nearby Warm Jupiter Companion, from NEID and HIRES

Xian Yu Wang, Malena Rice, Songhu Wang, Bonan Pu, Gudmundur Stefánsson, Suvrath Mahadevan, Brandon Radzom, Steven Giacalone, Zhen Yu Wu, Thomas M. Esposito, Paul A. Dalba, Arin Avsar, Bradford Holden, Brian Skiff, Tom Polakis, Kevin Voeller, Sarah E. Logsdon, Jessica Klusmeyer, Heidi Schweiker, Dong Hong WuCorey Beard, Fei Dai, Jack Lubin, Lauren M. Weiss, Chad F. Bender, Cullen H. Blake, Courtney D. Dressing, Samuel Halverson, Fred Hearty, Andrew W. Howard, Daniel Huber, Howard Isaacson, James A.G. Jackman, Joe Llama, Michael W. McElwain, Jayadev Rajagopal, Arpita Roy, Paul Robertson, Christian Schwab, Evgenya L. Shkolnik, Jason T. Wright, Gregory Laughlin

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22 Scopus citations


We present spectroscopic measurements of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect for WASP-148b, the only known hot Jupiter with a nearby warm-Jupiter companion, from the WIYN/NEID and Keck/HIRES instruments. This is one of the first scientific results reported from the newly commissioned NEID spectrograph, as well as the second obliquity constraint for a hot Jupiter system with a close-in companion, after WASP-47. WASP-148b is consistent with being in alignment with the sky-projected spin axis of the host star, with λ=-8.°2-9.°7+8.°7 . The low obliquity observed in the WASP-148 system is consistent with the orderly-alignment configuration of most compact multi-planet systems around cool stars with obliquity constraints, including our solar system, and may point to an early history for these well-organized systems in which migration and accretion occurred in isolation, with relatively little disturbance. By contrast, previous results have indicated that high-mass and hot stars appear to more commonly host a wide range of misaligned planets: not only single hot Jupiters, but also compact systems with multiple super-Earths. We suggest that, to account for the high rate of spin-orbit misalignments in both compact multi-planet and isolated-hot-Jupiter systems orbiting high-mass and hot stars, spin-orbit misalignments may be caused by distant giant planet perturbers, which are most common around these stellar types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL8
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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