The association of parental self-efficacy and parent-youth connectedness with youth smoking intentions

E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Bin Huang, Chen Chen, Lorah D. Dorn, Robert T. Ammerman, Judith S. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Little attention has been paid to understanding how parents of differing race/ethnicity perceive their effectiveness in exercising anti-smoking parenting practices and how these behaviors affect youth's smoking intentions. We explored the association of parent-youth connectedness and parental self-efficacy and youths' smoking intentions in a group of African American and Caucasian never-smokers. Based on Social Bonding Theory and Social Learning Theory, a questionnaire was administered to nonsmoking, 9-16-year-old youth and parent dyads, assessing youth smoking intentions and parental measures of connectedness and self-efficacy. Youth risk factors for intending to smoke were increased parent-youth conflict and protective factors were increased parental monitoring, increased parental rule setting, and higher parental self-efficacy. Parent-youth connectedness and parental self-efficacy did not differ by parental smoking status or by race/ethnicity. Our findings underscore the importance of strong parenting practices and parental self-efficacy in protecting against youth intention to smoke and these may be important to target in future interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-208
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


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