Ras and Raf proteins are two major players in the MAP kinase pathway. They are crucial downstream regulators of multiple receptor tyrosine kinase-mediated cell growth, transformation, and maintenance of the malignant phenotype in human cancers. Mutations have been identified in K-Ras and B-Raf in patients with colorectal cancer. Clinical studies in colorectal cancers demonstrate that the therapeutic efficacy of cetuximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor, depends on the presence of wild-type K-Ras. However, mutations in B-Raf do not predict cetuximab resistance. These observations have led to the use of K-Ras as a predictive biomarker, allowing clinicians to direct the therapy of cancer patients based on their K-Ras mutational status.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes