The classification of violence risk

John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman, Paul S. Appelbaum, Thomas Grisso, Edward P. Mulvey, Loren H. Roth, Pamela Clark Robbins, Stephen Banks, Eric Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


The Classification of Violence Risk (COVR®) is an interactive software program designed to estimate the risk that a person hospitalized for mental disorder will be violent to others. The software leads the evaluator through a chart review and a brief interview with the patient. At the end of this interview, the software generates a report that contains a statistically valid estimate of the patient's violence risk-ranging from a 1% to a 76% likelihood of violence-including the confidence interval for that estimate, and a list of the risk factors that the program took into account to produce the estimate. In this article, the development of the COVR software is described and several issues that arise in its administration are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-730
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioral Sciences and the Law
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law


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