The cognitive reality of schematic maps

Alexander Klippel, Kai Florian Richter, Thomas Barkowsky, Christian Freksa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

39 Scopus citations


In graphics and language, schematisation is an important method to emphasize certain aspects and to deemphasize others. Different disciplines use schematisation for different reasons. In cartography, graphic schematisation is one aspect of map generalisation. In contrast, cognitive science addresses schematisation as a method to intentionally emphasize certain aspects of knowledge beyond technical necessity; therefore, the notion of schematic map is proposed to denote maps that employ schematisation for cognitive representational reasons. This chapter discusses different views of schematisation from cartography, linguistics, and artificial intelligence. Connections to qualitative reasoning in artificial intelligence are drawn. We address human spatial cognition and present examples of task-oriented representations. Finally, multimodality for conveying spatial knowledge and its application in schematic maps are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMap-based Mobile Services
Subtitle of host publicationTheories, Methods and Implementations
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)3540230556, 9783540230557
StatePublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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