The contribution of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies to the soft X-ray background

G. Hasinger, I. Lehmann, M. Schmidt, J. E. Gunn, D. P. Schneider, R. Giacconi, J. Trümper, G. Zamorani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The ROSAT Ultradeep HRI survey in the Lockman Hole contains a complete sample of 91 X-ray sources with fluxes in the 0.5-2 keV band larger than 1.2×10-15 erg cm-2 s-1, where over 75% of the sources are quasars or Seyfert galaxies. During the course of our optical identification work, we have obtained optical spectra of 67 narrow emission line galaxies (NELG), which are physically not associated with the X-ray sources. We have derived the equivalent width (EW) and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) for the most prominent emission lines of 41 quasars and Seyfert galaxies taken from the ROSAT Deep Survey (RDS), which has a flux limit of 5.5×10-15 erg cm-2 s-1 in the 0.5-2.0 keV band. Furthermore, we have obtained the EW and FWHM values of the field NELGs. Here, we present the spectroscopic discrimination between RDS Seyfert galaxies and field galaxies (NELG). The analysis of the emission lines has revealed that a single object out of 69 spectroscopically identified AGN fits the optical criteria of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1). This may indicate that NLS1 contribute only marginally to the soft X-ray background, but we can not exclude a possible larger contribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-501
Number of pages5
JournalNew Astronomy Reviews
Issue number7-9
StatePublished - Sep 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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