The microsatellite motifs AG, AC, and ATG were found to be the most abundant in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) and several other conifer tree species among di-, tri-, and tetra-nucleotide simple sequence repeats (SSR). Colonies containing AG, AC, and ATG repeats were selected from enriched genomic libraries of Douglas-fir, and 603 were sequenced. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers were designed from flanking sequences in 102 of the SSR clones, of which 50 primer pairs (for 10 AC-repeat microsatellites and 40 AG-repeat microsatellites) produced robust amplification products. Variability was confirmed with 24 unrelated Douglas-fir trees and Medelian segregation with 33-66 progeny from 3 full-sib populations. Forty-eight of the 50 loci were polymorphic, with a mean of 7.5 alleles per locus. Allele sizes ranged from 73 to 292 base pairs. Allele frequencies for the 48 polymorphic loci varied from 0.017 to 0.906 with mean allele frequency of 0.250. Expected heterozygosities among the polymorphic loci varied from 0.174 to 0.926, with a mean of 0.673. Additional, high molecular weight PCR products were amplified by some of the primer pairs, but they did not interfere with the scoring of alleles. Most of the Douglas-fir primer pairs also amplified SSR-containing loci in other conifer species.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Global and Planetary Change