Disproportionality plagues schools nationwide in special education placement, dropout, discipline referral, suspension, and expulsion rates. This study examined predictors of teacher referrals to school counselors for disruptive behavior in a sample of students selected from the Educational Longitudinal Study 2002 (National Center for Education Statistics, n.d.). Findings demonstrated that students' race predicted English teacher referrals; students' gender, previous disciplinary infractions, and teachers' postsecondary expectations for students predicted English and math teacher referrals. Implications for practice, policy, and research are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Psychology