The dry sliding wear behavior of various 2xxx and 7xxx aluminum alloys along with an aluminum alloy with the surface transformed to alumina (Al2O3and a hypereutectic aluminum silicon alloy (B390) were evaluated with a pin-on-disk wear apparatus to simulate wire-rope against sheave wheel interactions for a unique Naval application. Simulation of a steel cable on an aluminum sheave wheel was accomplished by using a 387 steel (RC 58) disk containing 45° cuts to mimic individual strands of the wire-rope. Using system dictated conditions, the ring was rotated at 1500 RPM to obtain a sliding velocity of 9.42 m/s, with the contact pressure of the candidate aluminum pins adjusted to maintain a steady 0.69 MPa (100 psi). Under the prescribed conditions, the transformed alumina exhibited a superior wear resistance when compared to the 2, 7 and B390 alloys. However, the brittle material did fracture on one occasion, thereby indicating the potential for deleterious abrasive debris. Wear mode analyses of the various materials using optical and electron microscopy revealed wear mechanisms that included adhesion, abrasion, and fracture.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films