The Dynamic Interplay of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors for Cardiovascular Health

Penny M. Kris-Etherton, Philip A. Sapp, Terrance M. Riley, Kristin M. Davis, Tricia Hart, Olivia Lawler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: The recent rise in cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths in the USA has sparked interest in identifying and implementing effective strategies to reverse this trend. Healthy lifestyle behaviors (i.e., healthy diet, regular physical activity, achieve and maintain a healthy weight, avoid tobacco exposure, good quality sleep, avoiding and managing stress) are the cornerstone for CVD prevention. Recent Findings: Achieving all of these behaviors significantly benefits heart health; however, even small changes lower CVD risk. Moreover, there is interplay among healthy lifestyle behaviors where changing one may result in concomitant changes in another behavior. In contrast, the presence of one or more unhealthy lifestyle behaviors may attenuate changing another lifestyle behavior(s) (poor diet, inadequate physical activity, overweight/obesity, poor sleep quality, tobacco exposure, and poor stress management). Summary: It is important to assess all of these lifestyle behaviors with patients to plan an intervention program that is best positioned for adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)969-980
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent atherosclerosis reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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