The ecological sustainability of slash-and-burn agriculture

P. J.A. Kleinman, D. Pimentel, R. B. Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

192 Scopus citations


Slash-and-burn agroecosystems are important to rural poor and indigenous peoples in the developing world. Ecologically sound slash-and-burn agriculture is sustainable because it does not depend upon outside inputs based on fossil energy for fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation. One means of demonstrating the soundness of slash-and-burn agroecosystems is to prove empirically the ecological compatibility of this system of crop production. This paper examines the ecological sustainability of slash-and-burn agriculture based on the productivity of soil resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-249
Number of pages15
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Feb 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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