The economics of within-field BT corn refuges

Jeffrey Hyde, Marshall A. Martin, Paul V. Preckel, Craig L. Dobbins, C. Richard Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Farmers who plant Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn are obligated to plant a 20% non-Bt corn refuge as part of an Insect Resistance Management program. This paper analyzes the economics of alternative refuge configurations. Ignoring potential genetically modified organism (GMO) separation requirements, planting strips is the least cost method of meeting the 20% refuge requirement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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