The effect of anaesthetic techniques on maternal and cord blood brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels

Mehmet Aksoy, Ayşe Nur Aksoy, Ali Ahıskalıoğlu, İlker İnce, Esra Laloğlu, Ayşenur Dostbil, Mine Gürsaç Çelik

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Abstract

Objective: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of neurotrophins, plays a critical role in neuronal tissue. In this study, the effects of spinal or general anaesthesia on cord and maternal peripheral blood BDNF and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were investigated in patients undergoing elective caesarean section. Methods: Eighty patients with term pregnancy were included. General anaesthesia was induced with intravenous (IV) propofol 2 mg kg-1 in the general anaesthesia group (n=36). In the spinal anaesthesia group (n=35), hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5%, 9 mg (1.8 mL) was injected intrathecally. Maternal blood samples were taken immediately after positioning the patient on the operating table (T1), before clamping the umbilical cord (T2) and 24 hours after the first sample was obtained (T3). Cord blood samples were drawn from the umbilical artery (T4). Results: Maternal BDNF levels (pg mL-1) measured at T2 time point were higher in the general anaesthesia group compared to the spinal anaesthesia group (p<0.001). Cord blood BDNF levels were higher in the general anaesthesia group compared to the spinal anaesthesia group (p<0.001). In both groups, cord blood BDNF levels were significantly lower compared to the maternal blood samples collected at any time point (p<0.001, for all). There was a negative association between both maternal and cord blood BDNF levels with maternal MDA and cord blood MDA levels, respectively (r=−0.379, p<0.001; r=−0.375, p=0.001, respectively). Conclusion: The anaesthetic technique may have an influence on maternal peripheral and cord blood BDNF levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalTurkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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