The effect of gamma ray irradiation on few layered MoSe2: A material for nuclear and space applications

Burcu Ozden, Teresa Aditya, Javari Cherry, Zhuohang Yu, Jean Paul Allain, Mauricio Terrones

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In recent years, emerging two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2), have been at the center of attention for many researchers. This is due to their unique and fascinating physicochemical properties that make them attractive in space and defense applications that include shielding harsh irradiation environments. In this study, we examined the effects of gamma (γ) rays at various doses on the structural, chemical, and optical properties of MoSe2 layers. After the samples were exposed to intense gamma radiation (from a 60Co source) with various exposure times to vary the total accumulated dosage (up to 100 kGy), Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies were used to study and probe radiation-induced changes to the samples. When compared to pristine materials, very few changes in optical properties were typically observed, indicating good robustness with little sensitivity, even at relatively high doses of gamma radiation. The imaging using scanning electron microscopy revealed a number of nano-hillocks that were connected to substrate alterations. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies revealed that Mo’s binding energies remained the same, but Se’s binding energies blueshifted. We associated this shift with the decrease in Se vacancies that occurred after irradiation as a result of Mo atoms creating adatoms next to Se atoms. When compared to pristine materials, very few changes in optical, chemical, and structural properties were typically observed. These findings highlight the inherent resilience of MoSe2 in hostile radioactive conditions, which spurs additional research into their optical, electrical, and structural characteristics as well as exploration for potential space, energy, and defense applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025012
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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