The effect of platinum catalysts on propane oxidation at elevated pressure

Wonnam Lee, Thomas Litzinger, Domenic A. Santavicca

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


The potential for catalytically enhanced ignition in low-heat rejection Diesel engines has been experimentally studied under engine simulated conditions in a high pressure chemical flow reactor. Results are presented for propane oxidation on platinum at 6 and 10 atmospheres, at temperatures from 800K to 1050K, and at equivalence ratios from 0.5 to 4.0. For turbulent transport rates which are typical of those in an engine, as much as 20% of the fuel was found to react on the catalyst before the onset of the gas-phase ignition reactions. Depending on the adiabaticity of the combustion chamber walls, this could lead to significant thermal enhancement of the gas-phase ignition process. Evidence of chemical enhancement was also observed, at 10 atm under very fuel rich conditions, in terms of a change in the concentration and distribution of the hydrocarbon intermediate species. Possible mechanisms for the observed chemical enhancement due to surface generated species are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 1988
EventInternational Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: Oct 10 1988Oct 13 1988


OtherInternational Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPortland, OR

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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