The effect of the Zn/Sn ratio in the solution on the properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 films prepared by sol-gel method has been investigated. As the Zn/Sn ratio in the solution increases to a certain value, a pure single phase kesterite CZTS is obtained and confirmed by XRD, XPS and Raman. Through controlling the Zn/Sn ratio in the solution, secondary phases such as SnO2 can be avoided and an optimal condition for single phase kesterite CZTS can be achieved. Surface SEM images of the CZTS films are investigated and the optical band gap of the optimized CZTS film is found to be 1.23 eV.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry