The effects of different test methods on the just noticeable difference of clarity index for music

Michelle C. Vigeant, Robert D. Celmer, Chris M. Jasinski, Meghan J. Ahearn, Matthew J. Schaeffler, Clothilde B. Giacomoni, Adam P. Wells, Caitlin I. Ormsbee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The just noticeable differences (JNDs) of room acoustics metrics are necessary for research and design of performing arts venues. The goal of this work was to evaluate the effects of different testing methods on the measured JND of clarity index for music (C80). An initial study was conducted to verify the findings of other published works that the C80 JND is approximately 1 dB, as currently listed in ISO 3382:2009 (International Organization for Standardization, Switzerland, 2009), however, the results suggested a higher value. In the second study, the effects of using two variations of the method of constant stimuli were examined, where one variation required the subjects to evaluate the pair of signals by listening to each of them in their entirety, while the second approach allowed the participants to switch back and forth in real-time. More consistent results were obtained with the latter variation and the results indicated a C80 JND greater than 1 dB. In the final study, an extensive training period using the first variation was required, based on the second study, and the data were collected using the second variation. The analysis revealed that for the conditions used in this study (concert hall and chamber music hall) that the C80 JND is approximately 3 dB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-491
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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