The effects of sleep on body image: examining the roles of depression, perceived stress, and anxiety

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Although health and wellness behaviors are associated with positive body image, research is limited regarding the relationship between sleep and positive body image. We propose that negative affective states may link sleep and body image. Specifically, we examined whether better sleep may relate to positive body image through reductions in negative affective experiences. Participants: Participants were 269 undergraduate women. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys were administered. Results: We found correlations in the expected directions between sleep, positive body image variables (i.e., body appreciation, appearance evaluation, and appearance orientation), and negative affective states (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress). There were group differences in negative affective states and body image based on adequate sleep. Data supported indirect effects of sleep through depression on appearance evaluation, and through depression and stress on body appreciation, respectively. Conclusions: Our findings indicate sleep warrants further research attention as a wellness behavior related to more positive body image.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of American College Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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