The efficacy of a multicultural prevention intervention among urban American Indian youth in the southwest U.S.

Andrea L. Dixon, Scott T. Yabiku, Scott K. Okamoto, Sheila S. Tann, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Stephen Kulis, Aimee M. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


This study explored how a non-targeted group of ethnic minority youth might or might not benefit from a prevention intervention focused on other cultural groups. The study specifically evaluated the effects of an evidence-based drug prevention curriculum with a sample of urban American Indian youth in the southwest U.S., most of whom self-reported multi-ethnic heritages. Using growth curve modeling, this research examined the developmental trajectory of drug use for these youth, and compared it with the trajectory of youth from other racial/ethnic groups at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and two follow up time periods. Results indicate that alcohol and marijuana use increased from pre-intervention across subsequent time periods for all youth. The drug use of the American Indian youth in the treatment group increased on some measures. Specifically, they reported a steeper trajectory in the amount and frequency of alcohol and marijuana use compared to the youths in the treatment groups with other racial/ethnic identifications. The implications of these findings for the development of culturally grounded prevention programs for multi-ethnic, urban American Indian youth are discussed. Editors' Strategic Implications: This research provides a specific example, but also makes a strong global argument, for the need to develop and evaluate prevention programs that are culturally grounded in the worldview of the target group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-568
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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