The esophageal-tracheal combitube

Luis A. Gaitini, Sonia J. Vaida, Felice Agro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The ETC is an easily inserted double-lumen/double-balloon supraglottic airway device. The major indication of the ETC is as a back-up device for airway management. It is an excellent option for rescue ventilation in both in- and out-of-the-hospital environments and in situations of difficult ventilation and intubation. It is useful especially in patients with massive airway bleeding or limited access to the airway and in patients in whom neck movement is contraindicated. Continued airway management with an ETC that has been placed is a reasonable option in many cases. Having thus secured the airway, it may not be necessary to abort the anesthetic or to continue with further airway management efforts. In order to avoid serious trauma to the esophagus or airway, redesigning the ETC using a softer material for the tube is advisable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-906
Number of pages14
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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