The ethical dilemma of research and development openness versus secrecy

Steve McMillan, Ronald Duska, Robert Hamilton, Debra Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In previous research, we have argued that private companies should be more open with their scientific research findings. However, our research assumed, somewhat naively perhaps, that public institutions were quite open. Recent findings have suggested otherwise, and in this paper we explore the dilemma faced by industry, universities, and society in attempting to balance the needs of openness (to rapidly advance the body of knowledge), with secrecy (to protect the economic returns to a new innovation).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-285
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Law


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