We study gravitational waves (GWs) from a set of 2D multigroup neutrino radiation hydrodynamic simulations of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe). Our goal is to systematize the current knowledge about the post-bounce CCSN GW signal and recognize the templatable features that could be used by the ground-based laser interferometers. We demonstrate that, starting from ∼400 ms after core bounce, the dominant GW signal represents the fundamental quadrupole (l = 2) oscillation mode (f-mode) of the proto-neutron star (PNS), which can be accurately reproduced by a linear perturbation analysis of the angle-averaged PNS profile. Before that, in the time interval between ∼200 and ∼400 ms after bounce, the dominant mode has two radial nodes and represents a g-mode. We associate the high-frequency noise in the GW spectrograms above the main signal with p-modes, while below the dominant frequency there is a region with very little power. The collection of models presented here summarizes the dependence of the CCSN GW signal on the progenitor mass, equation of state, many-body corrections to the neutrino opacity, and rotation. Weak dependence of the dominant GW frequency on the progenitor mass motivates us to provide a simple fit for it as a function of time, which can be used as a prior when looking for CCSN candidates in the LIGO data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science