This article summarizes evolving concepts and scientific findings on cell wall feruloylation and ferulate oxidative coupling processes in grasses, and the effects these have on the wide range of cell wall properties and consequent plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress and tissue degradability. Updates of the different strategies that have been applied to genetically modifying cell wall feruloylation are presented. Special emphasis is given to the modification of cell wall feruloylation by heterologous expression of cell wall ferulic acid esterase, as this strategy has provided insights into the impact of feruloylation on the changes in the physicochemical properties of the cell wall with consequent effects on different plant processes. Emerging feruloyl transferase candidate genes codifying enzymes accounting for ferulate incorporation into grass arabinoxylans are also highlighted.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science