The impact of children's hospital designation on outcomes in children with malrotation

Afif N. Kulaylat, Christopher S. Hollenbeak, Brett W. Engbrecht, Peter W. Dillon, Shawn D. Safford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background The benefit of Ladd's procedure for malrotation at a Children's Hospital (CH) has not previously been established. Our aim was to characterize the potential variations in management and outcomes between CH and Non-Children's Hospitals (NCH) in the treatment of malrotation with Ladd's procedure. Methods There were 2827 children identified with malrotation and complete information from the Kids' Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009). Outcomes were compared between CH and NCH and evaluated with logistic and linear regressions. Additional propensity score matching was used to balance covariates between CH and NCH. Results There were 2261 (80.0%) children with malrotation undergoing Ladd's procedures treated at CH; 566 (20.0%) were treated at NCH. In multivariate analysis, CH was associated with a 39% lower odds of resection (p = 0.004), with no differences observed for mortality, morbidity and LOS. Comparison of a propensity score matched cohort confirmed these findings, as well as demonstrated no significant differences in associated costs. Conclusions The majority of pediatric intestinal malrotation is managed at CH. While measured outcomes of mortality, morbidity, LOS, and costs were not different at NCH, CH was less likely to perform intestinal resection during Ladd's procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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