The impact of fertilizers on the uptake of manganese in Cherry Belle radish plants: implications for human health

Shelly Ann Clarke-Lambert, Dickens Saint Hilaire, Joachim Stock, Oluwaseun Salako, Madelaine Lebetkin, Umarbek Nasimov, Joel Strothers, Agata Blasczak-Boxe, Dereck Skeete, Christopher Blaszczak-Boxe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Miracle-Gro Singles, Miracle-Gro Shake and Feed, and Vigoro fertilizers are associated with net loss/enhancement of Mn, up to an order of magnitude when referenced to controls in soil, radish vegetables, and radish leaves; Mn enhancements are a factor of 4 to 65 below the daily required intake for humans (2–5.5 mg/day). Manganese levels were measured by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Control soil, radish vegetables, and radish leaves contained 65 μg/g to 146 μg/g (median = 108), 65 μg/g to 357 μg/g (median = 281), and 185 μg/g to 401 μg/g (median = 323) of Mn, correspondingly. Manganese uptake was ten times greater in radish leaves compared to radish vegetables and enhanced by a factor of 3 in soils. Edible radish leaves/vegetables contain 65 times less than human Mn daily requirements. This equates eating 140 lb/day of radish vegetables/leaves. The fertilizers have a minor impact on Mn accumulation in radish leaves/vegetables. The USDA Nutrient Database for radish (0.69 μg/g of Mn) contradicts this notion as one would need to consume ~ 7 to 18 lb/day of radish to satisfy their daily intake. This study complements investigations showing that fertilizers induce minimal uptake of heavy metals in food; simultaneously, the net loss of Mn amounts observed in some samples of radish leaves and vegetables is analogous to the dilution effect of minerals/nutrients in edibles. Although a deficiency/excess of Mn in one’s diet may lead to adverse health effects, background inhalation exposure in general public, occupational, and emergency response settings has a greater influence on one’s propensity toward developing adverse health effects related to Mn inhalation exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10414-10428
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of fertilizers on the uptake of manganese in Cherry Belle radish plants: implications for human health'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this