The Impact of iCoaching on Teacher-Delivered Opportunities to Respond

Kathleen M. Randolph, Mary Lou Duffy, Michael P. Brady, Cynthia L. Wilson, Mary Catherine Scheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Coaching in the school setting typically follows the traditional format of preconference, observe, and postconference, where feedback on teaching performance is shared but often delayed. Professional development (PD) provides teachers with skills to enhance their teaching practice with little to no follow-up or support. The most effective way to produce change in the school setting is to show the connection between PD and student performance, and iCoaching can help to bridge the gap. In this study, four teachers participated in a focused PD session and subsequent iCoaching sessions where the researcher used iPods and Bluetooth earbuds as a bug-in-ear (BIE) device. A coach served as a live, remote observer providing coaching prompts to increase teacher-delivered opportunities to respond (OTR). The results indicated that iCoaching was effective in increasing teacher-delivered OTR and in increasing student responses and academic performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-25
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Special Education Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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