The impacts of total body irradiation on umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Hao Wang, Kristin N. Berger, Elizabeth L. Miller, Wei Fu, Larisa Broglie, Frederick D. Goldman, Heiko Konig, Su Jin Lim, Arthur S. Berg, Julie An Talano, Melanie A. Comito, Sherif S. Farag, Jeffrey J. Pu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem cells are commonly used for hematopoietic system reconstitution in recipients after umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). However, the optimal conditioning regimen for UCBT remains a topic of debate. The exact impact of total body irradiation (TBI) as a part of conditioning regimens remains unknown. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impacts of TBI on UCBT outcomes. Design: This was a multi-institution retrospective study. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the outcomes of 136 patients receiving UCBT. Sixty-nine patients received myeloablative conditioning (MAC), in which 33 underwent TBI and 36 did not, and 67 patients received reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC), in which 43 underwent TBI and 24 did not. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to compare the outcomes and the post-transplant complications between patients who did and did not undergo TBI in the MAC subgroup and RIC subgroup, respectively. Results: In the RIC subgroup, patients who underwent TBI had superior overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.09–0.66, p = 0.005) and progression-free survival (aHR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.10–0.66, p = 0.005). However, in the MAC subgroup, there were no statistically significant differences between those receiving and not receiving TBI. Conclusion: In the setting of RIC in UCBT, TBI utilization can improve overall survival and progression-free survival. However, TBI does not show superiority in the MAC setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Hematology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology

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