The influence of a family program on adolescent tobacco and alcohol use

K. E. Bauman, V. A. Foshee, S. T. Ennett, M. Pemberton, K. A. Hicks, T. S. King, G. G. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Objectives. This study examined a family-directed program's effectiveness in preventing adolescent tobacco and alcohol use in a general population. Methods. Adolescents aged 12 to 14 years and their families were identified by random-digit dialing throughout the contiguous United States. After providing baseline data by telephone interviews, they were randomly allocated to receive or not receive a family-directed program featuring mailed booklets and telephone contacts by health educators. Follow-up telephone interviews were conducted 3 and 12 months after program completion. Results. The findings suggested that smoking onset was reduced by 16.4% at 1 year, with a 25.0% reduction for non-Hispanic Whites but no statistically significant program effect for other races/ethnicities. There were no statistically significant program effects for smokeless tobacco or alcohol use onset. Conclusions. The family-directed program was associated with reduced smoking onset for non-Hispanic Whites, suggesting that it is worthy of further application, development, and evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-610
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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