The intermittent and annular flow condensation continuum: Pressure drops at the microscale

Srinivas Garimella, Akhil Agarwal, Brian M. Fronk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Frictional pressure drops were measured during condensation of refrigerant R134a in small hydraulic diameter (100 < Dh <160 μm) rectangular (1 < AR <4) channels using a novel technique to accurately determine frictional pressure gradient at small δx. An Annular Flow Factor (AFF) is used to automatically account for the smooth transition between annular and intermittent flow and predict the applicable pressure drop based on a model that accounts for the effects of G, x, Tsat, Dh and AR. The model predicts 95% of the data within ±25%. The relative predominance of the two flow regimes predicted by the AFF is in agreement with findings of Coleman and Garimella (2000, 2003). Constant AFF lines may also be used as transition criteria for the application of intermittent or annular flow based models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-144
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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