We examined the moderating effect of personality on the association between leisure activities and executive control in healthy community-dwelling older adults. We found two distinct personality typologies: individuals with a resilient personality were characterized by emotional stability and self-confidence; whereas, those who resembled an overcontrolled personality tended to be introverted but also low on neuroticism. Resilient individuals were more likely than overcontrolled individuals to demonstrate higher executive function and attention as a result of participation in mental activities. These results suggest that personality might be important to include in studies that test the efficacy of activity interventions for improving cognition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Professions (miscellaneous)
- Geriatrics and Gerontology