The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same: Residents Perspectives on Learning to Teach over 7 Years

Sandra Jarvis-Selinger, April Armstrong, Katherine Wisener

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction:Despite increasing emphasis on the development and implementation of Residents-as-Teachers programs, resident perspectives on their roles as teachers have rarely been explored. This paper explores trends across 7 years of data collected from resident leaders across North American orthopaedic residency programs.Methods:Data were collected during the American Orthopaedic Association's resident-only engagement activity known as the C. McCollister Evarts Resident Leadership Forum (RLF). A total of 997 of 1,050 RLF participants responded from 2015 to 2021.Results:Residents perceived themselves as having a strong influence on medical students' education more so than any other teacher. However, less than one third are provided with any formal instruction from their institutions to support their teaching, and nearly 3 quarters of participants felt there was room for improvement in their teaching effectiveness. For the most part, resident perspectives have stayed relatively consistent over time.Discussion:Residents are keen and willing to invest time into developing their teaching effectiveness. There may be a need for improved advocacy to program directors to increase the presence and availability of formal Residents-as-Teachers programs to support residents in their roles as teachers. We offer suggestions for the composition of such programs for consideration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere22.00133
JournalJBJS Open Access
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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