The National Children's Study: Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach

Daniel E. Hale, Sharon B. Wyatt, Stephen Buka, Debra Cherry, Kendall K. Cislo, Donald J. Dudley, Pearl Anna McElfish, Gwendolyn S. Norman, Simone A. Reynolds, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Sandra Wadlinger, Cheryl K. Walker, James M. Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study tested the feasibility of household-based recruitment and participant enrollment using a birth-rate probability sample. In 2010, the NCS Program Office launched 3 additional recruitment approaches. We tested whether provider-based recruitment could improve recruitment outcomes compared with household-based recruitment. METHODS: The NCS aimed to recruit 18- to 49-year-old women who were pregnant or at risk for becoming pregnant who lived in designated geographic segments within primary sampling units, generally counties. Using provider-based recruitment, 10 study centers engaged providers to enroll eligible participants at their practice. Recruitment models used different levels of provider engagement (full, intermediate, information-only). RESULTS: The percentage of eligible women per county ranged from 1.5% to 57.3%. Across the centers, 3371 potential participants were approached for screening, 3459 (92%) were screened and 1479 were eligible (43%). Of those 1181 (80.0%) gave consent and 1008 (94%) were retained until delivery. Recruited participants were generally representative of the county population. CONCLUSIONS: Provider-based recruitment was successful in recruiting NCS participants. Challenges included time-intensity of engaging the clinical practices, differential willingness of providers to participate, and necessary reliance on providers for participant identification. The vast majority of practices cooperated to some degree. Recruitment from obstetric practices is an effective means of obtaining a representative sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S239-S247
StatePublished - Jun 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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