We consider geometries and physical models for weak low-ionization absorbers based on the relative incidence of low- and high-ionization systems. We present a survey of weak low-ionization systems in 35 high-resolution HST STIS quasar spectra, sometimes supplemented by Keck HIRES and 7/57 FOS data. We found 16 metal-line systems, with low- and/or high-ionization absorption detected. Weak low-ionization absorbers trace an abundant population of metal-enriched regions. Models show that these systems have a ∼ 10 pc region of higher density gas and a ∼ 1 kpc region that represents a lower density, higher ionization phase. The goal of our survey was to compare systems detected in low- and/or high-ionization gas. All but 1 of the 10 weak low-ionization systems have a related high-ionization phase. In three cases the high-ionization gas has only a single component, kinematically centered on the low-ionization absorption, and the other six cases have additional high-ionization components offset in velocity. The high-ionization absorption in weak low-ionization systems has similar kinematic structure to that in high-ionization only systems. There are just six systems with only a high-ionization phase, as compared to the nine systems with both low- and high-ionization phases. We conclude that filamentary and sheetlike geometries are favored, due to the relatively small observed cross section of high-ionization-only systems. Our statistical arguments suggest that although low-ionization absorbers are not closely associated with luminous galaxies, they arise in their immediate environments within the cosmic web.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science