Pain drawings we-a obtained from a group of 65T patients who had chronic low-back pairi. Pain drawings were ratsd in four grades according to the degroo of organic and nonorganic pain. Experienced and Inexperienced evaluators ware used. The reliability wes excellent with an interevsluator reliabiisty between 73% and 7BD/c. A correlation between pain drawings and Waddall's nonorganic physical signs demonstrated that a large proportion uf patients with highWeddell scores had nonorganic pain drawings. No significant differences were noted in the distribution of Waddell scores; ind pain drawings based on patient gender or payment us (i.e., medico lag^l or workers' compensation). Pain drawings afford an important adjunct In the physician's assessment of chronic low-back pain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology