The perceived causal structures of smoking: Smoker and non-smoker comparisons

David M. Lydon, Matt C. Howard, Stephen J. Wilson, Charles F. Geier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Despite the detrimental impact of smoking on health, its prevalence remains high. Empirical research has provided insight into the many causes and effects of smoking, yet lay perceptions of smoking remain relatively understudied. This study used a form of network analysis to gain insight into the causal attributions for smoking of both smoking and non-smoking college students. The analyses resulted in highly endorsed, complex network diagrams that conveyed the perceived causal structures of smoking. Differences in smoker and non-smoker networks emerged with smokers attributing less negative consequences to smoking behaviors. Implications for intervention are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2042-2051
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology


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