The performance of additively manufactured Haynes 282 in supercritical CO2

Collin Magnin, Zahabul Islam, Mohamed Elbakhshwan, Andrew Brittan, Dan J. Thoma, Mark H. Anderson

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The use of supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) as a working fluid is garnering interest in next generation power production systems due to the possibility of increased operational efficiencies and lower associated costs. Its implementation requires alloys with excellent high temperature strength and corrosion resistance, which makes Haynes 282® (H282) a suitable candidate. With increasing adoption of additive manufacturing (AM) in the energy industry, there is a need to investigate long-term sCO2 exposure on AM produced materials. Additively manufactured H282 (AM-H282) samples built using laser powder bed fusion in two different orientations were analyzed through imaging, gravimetric analysis, and room-temperature tensile testing before and after 1000-h exposure to CO2 at 750 °C and 20 MPa. Performed imaging included observation of the sample surfaces and of the material bulk (cross sections) through means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy. In comparison to wrought H282, it was found that the exposed material exhibited a similar Cr2O3 oxide protective layer about 2 μm in thickness with additional top-surface TiO2 oxide and carbon-rich precipitates. It was also similarly observed that internal oxidation was present but limited to a depth of 20 μm, and a 1–3 μm γ’ denuded region appeared to surround all internal and surface oxidation. Thermal aging effects were noted with the precipitation of needle-like structures in the γ/γ’ matrix and a coarsening of the γ’ precipitates from 28 nm to 73 nm. Mass measurements analyzing oxide precipitation revealed a larger increase compared to wrought, representing an approximate 20% difference. Tensile testing results showed similar behavior to wrought with a slight increase in yield strength and a large reduction in elongation in the exposed samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number143007
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
StatePublished - Apr 28 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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