The presence of serious gang involvement in elementary schools

Mahfuzul I. Khondaker, Kennon Rice, Brenda Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although research has shown that gang involvement by youths is a serious problem, the focus of most of this research is older youths. There is a scarcity of research that examines the gang involvement by elementary school children. This study evaluates second and fourth grade students for potential involvement, exposure to risk factors, and general knowledge of gang activity in their community. Data were collected from two public schools in a highly ethnically diverse urban area in Pennsylvania. Results found that although a small number of students reported being involved in gangs, caution must be taken when interpreting data as results are preliminary in nature and it is unclear how young students perceived the word 'gang.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gang Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'The presence of serious gang involvement in elementary schools'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this