The Radar Echo Telescope for Cosmic Rays: Pathfinder experiment for a next-generation neutrino observatory

(Radar Echo Telescope Collaboration)

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Radar Echo Telescope for Cosmic Rays (RET-CR) is a recently funded experiment designed to detect the englacial cascade of a cosmic ray-initiated air shower via in-ice radar, toward the goal of a full-scale, next-generation experiment to detect ultrahigh energy neutrinos in polar ice. For cosmic rays with a primary energy greater than 10 PeV, roughly 10% of an air shower's energy reaches the surface of a high elevation ice sheet (≳2 k˙m) concentrated into a radius of roughly 10 cm. This penetrating shower core creates an in-ice cascade orders of magnitude more dense than the preceding in-air cascade. This dense cascade can be detected via the radar echo technique, where transmitted radio waves are reflected from the ionization deposit left in the wake of the cascade. RET-CR will test the radar echo method in nature, with the in-ice cascade of a cosmic ray-initiated air shower serving as a test beam. We present the projected event rate and sensitivity based upon a three part simulation using corsika, geant4, and radioscatter. RET-CR expects ∼1 radar echo event per day.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102006
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume104
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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