The radial structure of supernova remnant N103b

Karen T. Lewis, David N. Burrows, John P. Hughes, Patrick O. Slane, Gordon P. Garmire, John A. Nousek

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We report on the results from a Chandra ACIS observation of the young, compact, supernova remnant N103B. The unprecedented spatial resolution of Chandra reveals subarcsecond structure, in both the brightness and spectral variations. Underlying these small-scale variations is a surprisingly simple radial structure in the equivalent widths of the strong Si and S emission lines. We investigate these radial variations through spatially resolved spectroscopy, using a plane-parallel, nonequilibrium ionization model with multiple components. The majority of the emission arises from components with a temperature of 1 keV: a fully ionized hydrogen component; a high ionization timescale (net > 1012 s cm-3) component containing Si, S, Ar, Ca, and Fe; and a low ionization timescale (n et ∼ 1011 s cm-3) O, Ne, and Mg component. To reproduce the strong Fe Kα line, it is necessary to include additional Fe in a hot (> 2 keV), low ionization timescale (net ∼ 10 10.8 s cm-3) component. This hot Fe might be in the form of hot Fe bubbles, formed in the radioactive decay of clumps of 56Ni. We find no radial variation in the ionization timescales or temperatures of the various components. Rather, the Si and S equivalent widths increase at large radii because these lines, as well as those of Ar and Ca, are formed in a shell occupying the outer half of the remnant. A shell of hot Fe is located interior to this, but there is a large region of overlap between these two shells. In the inner 30% of the remnant, there is a core of cooler, 1 keV Fe. We find that the distribution of the ejecta and the yields of the intermediate-mass species are consistent with model prediction for Type la events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-782
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Jan 10 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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