The Rapid Apple Decline Phenomenon: Current Status and Expected Associated Factors in Korea

Seung Yeol Lee, Kari A. Peter, Kallol Das, Avalos Ruiz Diane, Hee Young Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Rapid apple decline (RAD) is a complex phenomenon affecting cultivated apple trees and particularly dwarf rootstocks on grafted young apple trees. Since its first appearance in the United States, RAD has been reported worldwide, for example in Canada, South America, Africa, and Asia. The phenomenon has also been observed in apple orchards in Korea, and it presented similar symptoms regardless of apple cultivar and cultivation period. Most previous reports have suggested that RAD may be associated with multiple factors, including plant pathogenic infections, abiotic stresses, environmental conditions, and the susceptibility of trees to cold injury during winter. However, RAD was observed to be more severe and affect more frequently apple trees on the Malling series dwarf root-stock. In this study, we reviewed the current status of RAD worldwide and surveyed biotic and abiotic factors that are potentially closely related to it in Korea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-547
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Pathology Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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