The refraction of space: A radical reversal of direction

Roger M. Downs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The field of spatial cognition began nearly fifty years ago. In the early years, Kevins Lynch's The Image of the City was an inspirational icon for many while Kenneth Boulding's The Image and E.C. Tolman's "Cognitive maps in rats and men" provided succinct but elementary philosophical and psychological groundings. The disciplinary roots of the field were disparate: architecture and landscape architecture, planning, psychology, geography, sociology, economics, and anthropology were the principal sources of scholars. If for the moment we take psychology as a benchmark for comparison, all of the other disciplines had some things in common in their approaches to spatial cognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpatial Cognition VII - International Conference Spatial Cognition 2010, Proceedings
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 2010
EventInternational Conference Spatial Cognition 2010 - Mt. Hood/Portland, OR, United States
Duration: Aug 15 2010Aug 19 2010

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume6222 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


OtherInternational Conference Spatial Cognition 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMt. Hood/Portland, OR

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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