Redox modulation by antioxidants, such as selenium (Se), has emerged as an important regulator of erythropoiesis. Using Se-deficient (0.04 ppm), Se-adequate (0.1ppm), and Se-supplemented (0.4ppm) C57/BL6 mice, we show that Se deficiency caused anemia, when compared to the Se-supplemented and Se-adequate groups. Increased denaturation of hemoglobin, methemoglobin, protein carbonyls, lipid peroxidation, Heinz bodies, and osmotic fragility of erythrocytes were observed in Se-deficient mice. Increased oxidative stress upregulated forkhead transcription factor (FoxO3a) and hypoxia-inducible factor-(HIF)1α in the spleen and kidney of Se-deficient murine as well as in the proerythroblast G1E cells cultured in Se-deficient media. A significant increase in the expression of erythropoietin, a downstream target of HIF1α, and expansion of stress erythroid progenitors (burst forming units-erythroid) were seen in the Se-deficient mice. Despite the increase in erythroid progenitors, lowered reticulocytes suggest a defective erythroid differentiation pathway. While Se deficiency led to increased nuclear levels of active FoxO3a, Se-adequate conditions reversed this effect and increased nuclear export by its binding partner, 14-3-3βζ, that is under the redox control of selenoproteins. In summary, these results provide insight into the importance of adequate Se nutrition in regulating red cell homeostasis by mitigating oxidative stress-dependent modulation of FoxO3a and HIF1α to effect differentiation of erythroid progenitors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology