The role of body image and depression in tanning behaviors and attitudes

Meghan M. Gillen, Charlotte N. Markey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


In the current study, we examined correlates of tanning behaviors and attitudes. Undergraduates (N = 277; 53% female; average age = 19.27years) completed measures of appearance orientation and appearance evaluation from the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, and questions addressing tanning behaviors and attitudes. Women were more likely to engage in indoor tanning and perceived greater susceptibility to photoaging than men. Body image and depression were associated with tanning behaviors and attitudes. Results suggest that psychological factors are important motivators of both indoor and outdoor tanning, although each has unique correlates. Implications for reducing risky tanning behaviors are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-82
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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