The influence of protein concentration on drop formation and breakup of aqueous solutions of fibrous proteins collagen and fibrinogen and globular protein thrombin in different concentration regimes has been investigated during drop-on-demand (DOD) inkjet printing. The capillary-driven thinning and breakup of dilute collagen, fibrinogen, and thrombin solutions, the solutions in which protein molecules are far away from each other, are predominantly resisted by inertial force. Although the capillary-driven thinning and breakup of semidilute unentangled collagen and fibrinogen solutions, the solutions in which protein molecules begin to interpenetrate each other, are predominantly resisted by inertial force on the initial onset of necking, the breakup of droplets is delayed because of the resistance of elastic force. The resistance of viscous force to the necking and breakup of both the dilute and semidilute unentangled protein solutions is negligible. Aggregates or subvisible particles (between 1 and 100 μm) constantly disrupt the formation of droplets for the semidilute unentangled protein solutions, even when their inverse Ohnesorge number (Z) is within the printability range of 4 ≤ Z ≤ 14. Although aggregates are present in the dilute protein solutions, they do not disrupt the formation of droplets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces